The Bosco Verticale project aims to mitigate some of the environmental damage that has been inflicted upon the city by urbanization, a small band-aid for one of the most polluted cities in the world. The design is made up of two high-density tower blocks with trees and vegetation planted on the facade. The plants help capture CO2 and dust in the air, reduce the need to mechanically heat and cool the tower's apartments, and help mitigate the urban heat island effect experienced in the city.
The two towers rise 260 feet and 367 feet tall, together they have the capacity to hold 480 large and medium size trees, 250 small trees, 11,000 ground-cover plants and 5,000 shrubs (the equivalent of 2.5 acres of forest). The types of trees were chosen based on where they would be positioned on the buildings' facades. it took over two years of working with botanists to decide which trees would be most appropriate for the buildings and the climate. The plants used in the project were grown specifically for the building, pre-cultivated so they would gradually acclimate to the conditions they will experience once placed on the buildings.