9/12/2011

Museum Or Dipping Dots?



What appears at first glance to be a cube of the famed theme park dipping dots, is actually a concept by James Law Cybertecture for an art museum in Taiwan City. The Art Museum " a building or space for the exhibition of art."




The idea behind this proposal is to create an architecture that becomes as art piece itself.  To create spaces that are unique and flexible. The fluidity and formless spaces is designed to promote movement and interaction.



States of matter are the distinct forms that different phases of matter take on.  Solid is the state in which matter maintains a fixed volume and shape; liquid is the state in which matter maintains a fixed volume but adapts to the shape of its container; and gas is the state in which matter expands to occupy whatever volume is available.




The building is 11 stories high, 77 meters in width, length and height, an almost perfect square.  The program is divided into 3 zones, the contemporary museum, children museum and library, administration zones.  From the 2/F lobby visitors can access either one of these zones.  The northern portion allows access to the 3/F contemporary museum and the special exhibits. The southern portion allows access to the basement library and administration offices and the 3/F children's museum.



The design has a conventional column free structural system.  It is supported by the RC walls at the buildings edge.  The RC wall contributes to the overall thermal mass of the building and provides a continuous surface for the attachment of the "ball" cladding, insulation, and waterproofing.  The trusses would be 2.5 meters deep.  The extra exposed spaces created between the spheres are used to allow light into the museum.  The western and eastern sides have less glazing to block off the sunlight and the northern and southern sides have a larger portion of glazing.


The building form allows for natural ventilation and sunlight through the entrances and atrium spaces.  The stack effect is used to improve the thermal comfort without the use of an HVAC system.  Stack effect is the movement of air into and out of a building driven by buoyancy, effective in semi-open areas. The stack effect is carried out through the light well located at the center of the building.  Rainwater is collected through the facade and roof of the building and the grey water is reused for irrigation and flushing of bathrooms.  To reduce the demand for potable water, the recycling of grey water and rainwater harvesting can be used for non-potable purposes.



PV lamp posts and wind turbines are scattered around the site to promote a more environmentally friendly environment.  To achieve better energy performance, displacement ventilation can be integrated with radiant cooling system.  Radiant cooling refers to any system where interior surface temperatures are lowered to remove sensible heat gain.  Heat is removed through chilled water running through an intricate piping system.